The reproduction medicalization consists of different medical techniques to assist human reproduction. Learn more with us.
Fertility problems affect, during reproductive life, one in six couples in the world.
The reproduction medically assisted, or the Medicine of the Reproduction, based on the most recent advances of science and technology, provides currently a set of response that allows the realization of the desire of couples to be parents.
The reproduction medically assisted (RMA) is the process in which are used different medical techniques to assist human reproduction.
These techniques are commonly used in infertile couples, but also in couples in which one of them is a carrier of the human immunodeficiency virus (positive HIV) or hepatitis B or C.
Can also be indicated for couples with a high risk of transmission of genetic disease.
WHAT ARE THE AVAILABLE TECHNIQUES OF REPRODUCTION MEDICALLY ASSISTED?
1. ARTIFICIAL INSEMINATION INTRAUTERINE
This first technique of reproduction medically assisted consists in the placement of a semen sample, which is prepared in advance in the laboratory, in the interior of the uterus of the woman, in order to increase the potential of the sperm and the chances of fertilization of the oocyte.
Thus, it is intended to reduce the distance that separates the oocyte and the sperm and facilitate fertilization.
– Side effects –
Artificial Insemination, Intrauterine does not present negative effects to the physical, whether in man or in woman. However, in psychological terms, the couple can feel some damage, feeling of inadequacy, or feel that their sexual life has been invaded, disrupting the intimacy of the couple.
2. IN VITRO FERTILIZATION
The in vitro fertilisation is the union of the oocyte with the sperm cells made in the laboratory, with the purpose of obtaining embryos already fertilized for later transfer to the maternal uterus.
– Side effects –
The side effects of IVF are not very common and when they arise, are shortly long-lasting, and moderate. The most common are headaches, irritability, fatigue, and hot flashes.
3. MICROINJECÇÃO INTRACYTOPLASMIC SPERM (ICSI)
The injection intracytoplasmic is a technique of assisted reproduction, included in the treatment of in Vitro Fertilization, which allows to achieve, with success, the pregnancy in couples diagnosed with male factor severe.
The man must provide a semen sample, or do a biopsy testicular, if necessary, to extract and select the best sperm are used for fertilization of oocytes.
This technique is indicated for men with low sperm count, with mobility problems or poor morphology of the same men who have made a vasectomy, men with infectious disease or infertility cause immune, which present difficulties in achieving ejaculation in normal conditions, among others.
– Side effects –
Adverse reactions to drugs used in the cycles of ICSI are not very common and when they arise, they normally have a character moderate and passenger. The most frequent symptoms are hot flashes, irritability, fatigue, and headaches. Usually pass at the end of a short time, and do not constitute reason for alarm.
4. DONATION OF OOCYTES
The donation of oocytes is the process in which a woman uses oocytes from a donor, in order to be able to realise their desire to be a mother.
The oocytes of the donor to unite themselves to the sperm of the couple the receiver, to obtain embryos. These, subsequently, will be transferred to the receiver.
5. FIV PLUS FIV + PSG)
This technique of reproduction medically assisted corresponds to the union of in Vitro Fertilisation and Preimplantation Genetic Screening (PGS). With this union of techniques, thanks to the analysis of the chromosomes, increases the percentage of success for transfer to achieve a pregnancy and also increases the probability of having a baby.
This technique has some advantages, namely:
- To select the best embryos by PGS, the likelihood of pregnancy after implantation increases up to 70%;
- Reduces the time it takes, once they are transferred the best embryos. The probability of pregnancy in the first cycle of fertilization multiplies;
- Decreases the risk of abortion, since the technique of PGS allows to evaluate the imbalances chromosomal, which are only transferred the best embryos, thereby reducing the probability of interruption during the pregnancy, coinciding with the decrease of the risk of abortion;
- Increases the likelihood of having a healthy baby – the PGS identifies the healthy embryos chromosomally for the transfer and discards those that are not.