Baby Beaker: Nearly 40 Years of Artificial Insemination

Medicine provides answers to many questions and help in other thousands, as happens to the difficulty in getting pregnant. A baby with ivf can be the answer to the prayers of many couples.

Baby test tube, so named to allude to its creation in the laboratory, it is from an artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization, that is, not the result of a fertilization in natural conditions, from a sexual relationship between a man and a woman, but before fertilization generated in the laboratory.

This method is typically used in cases where there is obstruction of the fallopian tubes, or there is little production of ova or sperm.

Many couples suffer because they have difficulty in getting pregnant, leaving the question of the constitution of the family on stand by.

A solution to cases of infertility is the reproduction medically assisted through the in vitro fertilisation, better known as baby beaker, which brought, as well, new hope to infertile couples, opening up a new era in the treatment of infertility.


The procedure baby beaker has proven efficacy and is indicated for women with infertility. But it is important to remember that, as with any treatment, there is no 100% guarantee of success and there are couples that need to try several times and for a long period of time until the woman can get pregnant.

Thinking about ivf, know what you can count on:

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At an early stage, the doctor performs the stimulation of the ovaries through hormonal medication, which will allow to be produced a greater quantity of eggs, to thereby proceed with the selection of embryo quality.


When the eggs are ready to be harvested, it is given new medication to get to their maturation, and about 36 hours later, the eggs are removed.

The selection of the same is made by a puncture vaginal transvaginal guided ultrasound.


The eggs are then collected and placed in a culture medium that is similar to the fallopian tube, after 2 to 4 hours of setting in a greenhouse special, the ova are ready for fertilization.


The sperm cells come in direct contact with the ova and causing fertilization.

In this step are analyzed embryos that should be transferred to the uterus, and these are transferred by a catheter to the uterine wall where the embryo can develop.


After the implantation of the embryo, eventually the woman may be subjected to a hormonal treatment to stimulate the secretion of nutrients to the embryo.

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About 10 to 12 days after the transfer, is done a blood test to confirm pregnancy.


Louise Brown, the first baby ivf in the world, currently at 38 years, recognizes that it has not been easy to grow under the spotlight, but believes that it was worth it and, for couples who need the science to get pregnant, advises: “Never give up”.

Launched a book named “Louise Brown: my life as the first baby-ivf in the world”, where you guarantee to feel a “normal” person, but with a childhood extraordinary, which assigns to the innovative way as he came to the world.

Louise says that when she was four years old, the parents showed him the film of his birth: “They did it because I went to school and were afraid that the other children refer to them on the subject. And also because they knew that the media would try to shoot me at school and wanted to tell me the reason of this interest for me.”

The parents of Louise – Leslie and John Brown – tried for nine years to get pregnant, without success. Went to the team of Patrick Steptoe and Bob Edwards, this last awarded with the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2010, to provide them with a child through a method so innovative and which had been developed in the previous decade: fertilization in vitro.

As soon as he was born, Louise has been subject to all kinds of examination, to assess your state of health. And everything was normal. “Since then, people have accepted that to be born In Vitro does not make any difference to a human being,” says Louise.

One of the questions about these children more time it took to be clarified was in regard to their own fertility and also in this area the Brown family gave a pioneering contribution. This is because the sister of Louise, who was also born through IVF, was the mother of course, and becoming the first person born by this method to have a baby spontaneously.

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Since the birth of Louise, a further five million children have come into the world with the help of science, in particular of techniques of Medically Assisted Procreation (PMA). One of them is the first baby test tube Portuguese Carlos the Salt shaker, born 25 February 1986, in the Hospital Santa Maria in Lisbon. “My mother and my father were a few warriors, fought to have a child and have managed”, he told, proud.

Thousands of children were already born in Portugal through IVF, but only a few decades ago everything was new. The photography of Carlos occupied the front pages of the newspapers, by opening a chapter of hope for infertile couples and also promoting an ethical debate that still today persists.