Know when is your ovulation? Can you recognize the symptoms? Is able to determine your fertile period? Important questions for which we have response.
You may have heard about ovulation in a distant science class, memorized what I needed to know for the exam and now, after so long, do not know how it works your body, what care must have and what symptoms should pay attention to.
It is because you are thinking about becoming pregnant or by the opposite, it is important that you know the better your body.
Thus, it is important to remember a few facts. The organ reproductive female are composed of two ovaries, two fallopian tubes, the uterus and the vagina.
The woman is born with about 450,000 eggs stored inside of the follicles in the ovaries, in your state immature being that, at each cycle, one or more eggs are released and, if fertilized, can result in a pregnancy, or, otherwise, in the menstruation.
THE PHASES OF YOUR MENSTRUAL CYCLE
The menstrual cycle begins on the first day of menstruation, and ends on the first day of the following period and is divided into two phases: the follicular phase and the luteal phase. On average, a cycle lasts 28 days but can also be more short, only 21 days, or longer, up to 45 days.
Many women do not have regular cycles, so the number of days of your cycle can vary significantly from month to month, which makes it difficult to determine the date of ovulation.
The follicular phase or pre-ovulatory, begins on the first day of menstruation, ie at the beginning of the cycle.
This is the period before ovulation, at this stage, the hormones estrogen and progesterone are at low levels, the ovaries are at rest and the endometrium, that is, the wall of the uterus, is fine.
At the same time, the pituitary gland begins to produce the hormone FSH is responsible for stimulating the follicles. As you said at the beginning, is in the follicles that are stored their eggs.
The FSH allows the follicles to grow and mature, allowing also the ova to ripen. Seven days after the beginning of the cycle, the follicles should measure between 9 and 10 millimeters.
In this phase, the follicles begin to produce estrogen and one of them will end up developing faster than the rest, around 2 mm per day until, at the end of your development, you can measure between 20 mm and 26 mm. It is here that you will leave the egg when you happen to ovulation.
Also by the action of estrogen, the uterus begins to prepare for a pregnancy. The endometrium, that is, the wall of the uterus, begins to grow, layer by layer, until it becomes thicker.
Before ovulation, the peak of estrogen, when this happens, it released the hormone LH and it is in this phase that the body begins to produce and release the cervical mucus that will favor the mobility of the sperm.
This means that the maturation of the follicle is terminated, and in the 36 hours following, the follicle breaks, it is released the egg and it happens at ovulation.
At this time, the egg continues its way in the direction of the fallopian tubes and the ovaries produce the hormone progesterone that prepares the uterus to receive the fetus. If in this journey the egg is not fertilized, degenerates, loses the hormones, and without that, the wall of the womb is not safe, falls, happens to menstruation and starts all over again.
Ovulation happens fourteen days before the next menstruation, an egg has between 12 and 24 hours, to be fertilized and the sperm, if healthy, can be viable for five to seven days inside the reproductive system of the woman.
Thus, the fertile period comprises about 6 days, since the fifth day before ovulation to one after.
Therefore, in order for an egg to be fertilized, it is important that when this begins their journey, already waiting in the fallopian tubes, many sperm. There are more hipótesses this happens if you have sex, one or two days before ovulation.
HOW TO RECOGNIZE THE SYMPTOMS OF OVULATION?
Regardless of the regularity of your menstrual cycle and its phases, it is important to know how to identify your fertile period and date of ovulation. It is because trying to prevent a pregnancy or, especially, to try to get pregnant in a short or long term (have a detailed record of your cycle, it will be very useful when deciding to have babies).
THE PAIN OF OVULATION
At the time of ovulation, some women feel pain due to the rupture of the follicle, in the lower part of the abdomen, on the side of the ovary you have ovulated. This symptom happens about 14 days before menstruation and is called Mittelschmerz, which, in German, means pain in the middle, that is, of the half cycle.
After ovulation, the body temperature increases between 0.5 º and 0.8 º C, about 37 ° C, and remains so for ten days before menstruation. If the temperature is below 37 ° C, means that not happened ovulation. This method has a drawback: it only allows to know, from way back, if you have ovulated.Therefore, it is not possible to determine which is the best date to have sex, however, allows you to confirm if it happened to ovulation.
By the time of period fertile, prior to ovulation, your mucus will be different from the usual, more thick and elastic.
It starts out as something similar to an egg white or a glue type silicone that, in the days following, changes to a mucus more thick and creamy.
The smell can also be more intense than usual and, even, discomfort. This means that you are about to ovulate, so if you want to get pregnant, it is time to have sex.